The very short answer to what exactly are foot doctors classified as, or what a podiatrist is generally called depends largely on whom you ask, but generally a podiatrist is known as either an Orthopedic Specialist or a Podiatrists. A podiatrists primary function is to diagnose, treat, and cure diseases of the feet, ankles, and lower leg. This can be done through physical exams, x-rays, and other procedures. They also use special equipment and medications to treat and prevent diseases and injuries of the feet, ankles, and other areas of the body.
Because of their specialty, there are many different areas that they specialize in, including: Osteopathic Medicine, Podiatric Medicine, and Podiatry. A pediatric specialist is most well known for treating the back, spine, hip, knee, and neck. For instance, in the field of osteopathy, which deals mainly with the skeletal system, there are specialists such as chiropractors, radiologists, physical therapists, rehabilitation specialists, anesthesiologists, and chiropractic physicians.
A pediatric specialist, as you can see, specializes in working with the skeletal, nervous, endocrine, vascular, and infectious systems within the body. A pediatric specialist has the ability to work on all areas of the body, including the bones, joints, nerves, organs, and tissues.
A podiatric physician has many duties, some that can be done outside the office. For example, a pediatric specialist can give injections of corticosteroids to relieve inflammation and pain from rheumatoid arthritis, muscle spasms, or even bone spur syndrome. They can also perform skin biopsies on the hands and feet to determine if there is fluid present in the joints or if they are filled with bacteria and other microorganisms. By performing these types of tests, they can diagnose the problem and treat it.
A pediatric specialist also provides a variety of other services. For example, they can perform arthrocentesis, which is the removal of fluids from the joints in order to determine the state of cartilage. They can also do physical exams on the joints to determine if there is bone spurs, arthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis buildup. They can even perform imaging studies to look at the bones in the joint, the nerves, the arteries and veins in the joint, and the fluid within the joint itself to identify the source of the pain and inflammation.
If a pediatric specialist suspects that the patient may have arthritis, they may order X-rays to determine the severity of the condition and recommend medication for the patient. They will also give the patient an examination to see how the joints are responding to the treatment. In most cases, a podiatric physician will not perform any surgery unless specifically instructed to by a doctor. They usually only perform diagnostic procedures on patients with more severe conditions, like rheumatoid arthritis. However, they may prescribe a corticosteroid injection, which helps reduce the inflammation and pain and relieve swelling in the joint.